Creating a wildlife-friendly garden can be a fun and rewarding project, as it not only supports local biodiversity but also provides a beautiful and peaceful space to enjoy. Here are some tips for creating a garden that welcomes all kinds of wildlife:
Choose Native Plants
Native plants are essential to support local wildlife, as they have evolved to provide food and habitat for native animals. Research the plants that are native to your region and choose a variety of flowers, shrubs, and trees that provide food and shelter for different species. Native plants are also adapted to the local climate and require less water and maintenance than non-native species. Here's some helpful links from The Royal Horticultural Society :
Native Trees & Shrubs https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/types/trees/native-tree-shrubs
Water is essential for wildlife, so it's important to provide a water source in your garden. This can be as simple as a bird bath or a small pond. Make sure to keep the water fresh and clean to prevent the spread of disease.
Create a variety of habitats in your garden to support different types of wildlife. This can include planting shrubs and trees for birds to nest in, providing a brush pile for small mammals to hide in, and leaving areas of your lawn unmowed to provide habitat for insects and other small animals.
Pesticides can harm wildlife, so it's best to avoid them if possible. Instead, use natural pest control methods such as companion planting and handpicking insects.
In addition to planting native plants, you can also provide supplemental food for wildlife. This can include setting up bird feeders and planting fruit trees for birds and other animals to feed on.
Create a Compost Pile
Composting is not only great for your garden, but it also provides habitat for decomposers such as worms and beetles. These creatures are essential for breaking down organic matter and enriching the soil.
Allow for Natural Processes
Finally, it's important to allow natural processes to occur in your garden. This includes leaving fallen leaves and branches on the ground to provide habitat and nutrients for wildlife, and allowing areas of your lawn to grow wild to provide habitat for insects and other small animals.